When the Arab Spring started in 2010, everyone guessed that the Arab world was not going to stay the same. What no one would have ever guessed is that this would lead to the end of the reign and ultimately the life of Muammar Gaddafi. He was a Libyan revolutionary leader and politician who ruled the country from 1969 to 2011 after he was ousted following a violent protest that led the country into a civil war that now seems endless.
The life of Muammar Gaddafi
The former Libyan leader was born Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi in 1942 in Tripoli, western Libya. He was raised alongside his three sisters by their parents, Aisha and Mohammad Abdul Salam bin Hamed bin Mohammad, a goat and camel herder.
Born at a time when his country was under colonial influence, he became something that would become part of him as he grew up. Following the invasion of Italy in 1911, it was revealed that his grandfather had been killed and that he was 6 years old, he had been injured in the arm by a landmine which had been abandoned after the conflict between Italian and British troops. Two of his cousins lost their lives as a result of the explosion.
Like most other children where he was born, his early upbringing was religious before attending primary school in Sirte. Upon completion of his studies, he moved with his family to Sabha, Fezzan, where he attended secondary school.
As a young man growing up, Muammar Gaddafi was passionate about politics and improving the lives of the Libyan people, which allowed him to consume as much political material as possible about the revolution. Before too long, he was not only participating in protests but organizing them as well. Due to his activities, he was expelled from Sabha. This forced him to move to Misrata where he continued his education at Misrata Secondary School. What is important is that he still pursued his nationalist militancy, while refusing to be part of any political party, because, according to him, he was against factionalism.
When he finally finished, he moved to the University of Libya, but soon dropped out to join the Royal Military Academy. The main reason he joined the military was because he thought it would help bring about the political change he wanted to see. In 1964, he founded the Free Officers movement alongside other army officers. He would use the move in 1969 to carry out a bloodless coup that would have killed King Idris I and then installed him as the new leader. He then found the Libyan Arab Republic.
How did he die?
Since taking power, Muammar Gaddafi has introduced many changes to the country, but at the same time he has taken up many battles with the western world. In the years that followed, his government was accused of corruption and insensitivity to the plight of the masses as unemployment and poverty rose.
When the Arab Spring began in Tunisia in 2011, Gaddafi made some quick changes, including purging the army leadership and lowering the price of food. Unfortunately, this was not enough to prevent the upcoming protest which broke out on February 17, 2011. Soon after, the protest escalated into violent acts, with the military killing many protesters.
Contrary to the belief of many that Gaddafi was going to flee, he remains in the country, promising to die a martyr. Following accusations of human rights violations resulting from the murder of unarmed citizens, other forces, including NATO, rose up against his government, carrying out airstrikes, one of which was resulted in the death of one of his sons, Saif al-Arab Gaddafi.
When the revolution started, the National Transitional Council (NTC) was formed to oust Muammar Gaddafi. With the help of NATO, the CNT forced Gaddafi out of Tripoli. Having lost the capital, he was ready to negotiate a transfer, but the CNT rejected him.
As he fled, his convoy was attacked by NATO forces forcing him to hide in a drainage where he was captured by Misrata militia. The former leader was filmed being stabbed by protesters with sticks and what looked like knives up his anus. Forced into a truck, Gaddafi fell as he drove away. Before being brought to Misrata, Gadaffi had already died on October 20, 2011. Many of his loyalists, including his son, Mutassim Gaddafi, were also killed. According to the official statement of the CNT, the former leader was caught in the crossfire and died from a gunshot wound.
What was his net worth?
At the time of his death, Muammar Gaddafi was said to have had a net worth of over $200 billion. According to reports, Muammar had his fortune in banks, real estate and other investments all over the world. This means that at the time of his death he was richer than Bill Gates, Warren Buffet and Carlos Slim combined, considered at the time to be the richest in the world, according to Forbes’ ranking, which does not include either rulers or dictators. listing.